Many people go their whole lives and never hear about voles, but if you have a vole infestation, you know that these little rodents are no minor issue.
The good news is I have a lot of experience exterminating voles. In this guide, I’m going to share tried and true vole control techniques.
By the end of this guide, you’ll know exactly how to get rid of voles for good!
So what is a vole anyway? Voles have stout bodies and tiny legs, dark-colored fur, and round heads.
When they grow up into mature garden-sacking pests, they generally average five inches long, including the tail.
Some voles can grow to seven inches in length, although these are basically the Shaquille O’Neals of the vole world.
“Vole” sounds a lot like “mole,” but they are actually close relatives of the mouse. As you will notice in the pictures, voles are basically the cutest, chubbiest little mice imaginable. You almost want to let them consume your favorite plants. Almost.
Quick Navigation: What's in This Guide?
- What to Expect from a Vole Infestation
- Here Are The 7 Best Ways to Get Rid of Voles
- Vole Invasions: Preventing an Infestation
- Vole Repelling Plants
Voles can eat an amount of food nearly equal to their own body weight. This is bad news for your garden, as they will waste no time devouring a good many of your plants. Some more bad news: Voles don’t hibernate, so they’re active in all seasons. They prefer to wreck your garden at night, so rather than seeing them, you’ll probably just wake up to a lovely surprise in your backyard. Everyone loves surprises.
Sometimes known as “field mice” or “meadow mice,” the so-called “meadow vole” is the most common species. If you have a vole infestation, chances are you’re dealing with the main species.
Voles are not exactly the toughest varmints around, so they love to frequent spaces that give them cover from predators, like brush piles, snow cover, and low-hanging tree limbs. Pastures, orchards, and any sort of plains with tall grass are common vole habitats. If your garden has tall plant life of any kind, it will look like a five-star hotel to nearby voles.
What to Expect from a Vole Infestation
If they need to, voles can subsist on a series of second-rate dietary options, like dead animals, fruits, and nuts. However, if you really want to get a vole excited, you show him a nice big patch of succulent plants with heavy root systems. When voles access your garden, they will often consume these as well as plant life with underground bulbs. They are talented burrowers–while you are waltzing about your garden totally clueless, sneaky voles will gnaw your plants to death under the soil.
Unfortunately, the first indicator of a large vole presence in your garden is usually a bunch of dead plants. At that point, you want to pay special attention to the volume of devoured plantlife, as this will indicate the size of the vole problem. A couple of dead plants here and there is not so bad, but bonafide plant genocide is one clue that you have an army of adorable little voles infesting your property. The size of your vole infestation will inform your choice in anti-vole products, so take careful note here of just how many plants have been eaten from underneath.
Here Are The 7 Best Ways to Get Rid of Voles
Sometimes, preventing can only do so much. Unfortunately, circumstances can spin out of control. What if it is too late to prevent a vole infestation? If your property is already showing and feeling the damage caused by these little rodents, you might need to consider vole eradication. The sooner you act, the better–voles can easily do a lot of damage to your property in a short time. They can be humanely removed from a yard by using live traps, exterminated by using mouse traps/poisons, or barred from entry by garden fencing and vole repellents.
Here is our favorite list of products for getting rid of vole infestations!
1. Wire Tek 1001 EasySet Vole Eliminator Trap
Where to get it: you can find the EasySet Vole Eliminator Trap here.
My review: Wire Tek’s EasySet trap is best for gardeners or landscapers who have a small-to-medium vole problem and are looking for a DIY way to undertake a little extermination action. Purchasing the EasySet Vole Eliminator Trap will eliminate any need for poisons or chemicals on your lawn, making them a more environmentally friendly option–but a very unfriendly one to the voles.
This is the only trapping device on the market that can be set into the vole’s tunnel ridge without digging, setting dangerous spears, or clamps and cables. All you have to do is locate the center of the ridge and firmly insert the closed jaws until the base of the trap is leveled to the ground. Then step down on the setting lever to set the trigger mechanism. This trap is also accepted for use in organic farms, nurseries, and ranches.
Wire Tek’s EasySet trap is s a secure way to eliminate smaller vole infestations. Since its efficacy rate is 100% on exposure (doesn’t get much more efficacious than death), the time it will take to get rid of the voles is directly dependent on how often you check the traps and, of course, how many voles you have in the area.
- Easy foot stepping motion to set the trap safely underground
- Includes 2 traps
- Eliminates the need for chemicals or poisons
- Its use is accepted in organic farms, nurseries, and ranches
2. CaptSure 2019 Upgraded Humane Smart Vole Trap
Where to get it: you can find this humane vole trap here.
My review: If you cringe at the idea of killing animals, even if they’re literally eating away your garden day by day, this trap might be worth a try. This product would be best suited to folks with the time and interest in releasing voles into safe environments away from the infested property.
This vole trap is also a great option for pet owners or parents who are worried about the safety of little ones in the yard. This trap comes in two sizes to accommodate any spatial needs and, it works equally well indoors and out.
It usually isn’t too much trouble to place these traps conveniently. They are pet-friendly, kid-friendly, and they do a stand-up job capturing voles in the most humane possible way. The trap has an easy setup, allowing it to be as close to a universal design as possible.
The see-through material is definitely a plus, enabling a clear view of captured voles. If you think you’ll have trouble seeing clearly through some of the colors they offer, we recommend getting the amber-colored trap–this can help to increase visibility.
With a hygienic and safe design, this item poses zero risk of injured or trapped fingers while setting it up. The CaptSure trap process in itself is super easy to clean, but if you use nuts instead of peanut butter to lure voles in, the cleanup time will be substantially reduced.
- Safe around pets and kids
- Easy setup
- Reusable and easy to clean
- Quality guarantee with 24/7 customer support
3. Havahart 1020 Live Animal Two-Door Vole Cage Trap
Where to get it: you can find this two door vole trap here.
My review: Havahart, will you? This is another great option if you have no interest in killing the poor little fellas. After all, they’re just rodents trying to make a living on the means streets of your lawn. This live trapping system is made from sturdy and reliable materials that will last a considerable amount of time should you need them again in the future. The Havahart 1020 can not only be used to eradicate voles, but to catch mice as well. The size makes for a double pest-control solution, providing two slots for vole containment.
You might be persuaded to buy this trap if you appreciate tradition. Havahart has been manufacturing the same design, and using the same materials, for over seventy years. For them, there’s nothing else to be changed design-wise, and they know that what they sell works.
- Strong rust-resistant wire mesh with steel reinforcements galvanized for maximum resistance.
- Smooth internal edges for the protection of the animals
- Two gravity-action doors
- Proven functionality through extensive field testing, high catch rates, and few escapes
4. Baar Lawn Vole Castor Oil
Where to get it: you can find this castor oil here.
My review: So you like the idea of naturally repelling voles from your yard, but don’t want to have to plant more flowers than you already have. Or, simply put, you just want a good, cruelty-free solution that isn’t harmful to the environment or your garden. Enter Baar’s Vole Castor Oil.
Depending on the size of your vole infestation, the time required to actually remove all of the rodents can vary. However, since this is a biodegradable product, you’ll most definitely have to reapply it over the infested property after its initial use. Some pests can be more stubborn than others, and voles can certainly get attached to their new housing on your land. But with Baar’s Vole Castor Oil, you can bet they’ll eventually leave. Of course, it should be noted that even though the product could be effective within days, you shouldn’t expect an instant solution.
For the best results, it is recommended that you apply the product once weekly. Once you’ve solved the issue, it’s a good practice to re-apply once every month to keep the voles from coming back. When using this type of repellent, it is important to consider the type of soil you have. For example, if your ground is of the dense, non-porous clay type, and you need the product to reach deeper than eight inches, you might be better off considering a different approach.
- Simple and easy to use
- Environmentally safe
- Specifically designed to repel voles in a natural way
- Also effective for armadillos, moles, and gophers
- Demonstrably safe for gardens, lawns, and pets
5. Repellex Vole Granular
Where to get it: you can find this vole granular here.
My review: When burrowing pests like voles, moles, or gophers are causing major damage to your garden, it can seem like you have your work cut out for you. How are you supposed to deal with all those little beasts? You may be outnumbered, but with Repellex’s Vole Granular, you’re never outgunned. This is a product you might consider if you’re trying to stray from using harsh chemicals and poisons in your garden or lawn. Chemicals of that nature are often better suited to bigger plots of land. Repellex granular repellent is an entirely plant-based product that is effective in both keeping voles away and moving them off of your property.
It is good to take into consideration how much it rains in your area since the repellent will need to be applied more often in rainier climates. This is because Repellex’s product has a natural composition. Without rain, you only need to apply the pellets every two to three weeks.
The scent of this product will seem very strong when first applying it, which is exactly why voles hate it. While the detectable odor appears to fade after a couple of days, it actually keeps bothering the voles, gradually driving off your property.
This product could work quite well for those who live in rather dry areas, and whose gardens don’t grow pants meant to yield consumable vegetation. This product should not be used near plants that bear edible fruits or vegetables.
- Easy to apply
6. The JT Eaton Top Gun Bait Block
Where to get it: you can find this vole bait poison here.
My review: The value of the JT Eaton Top Gun rodenticide its comprehensive coverage. If voles are invading your yard, they could also be roaming free around places closer to your home. This might include your garage, your front porch, or even your basement so long as it is directly accessible from the outside The Top Gun’s is particularly good at targeting these non-garden indoor areas.
The bait block package includes 128 packs of 0.5-ounce rodenticide blocks in a tamper-evident resealable bucket; the active ingredient in the blocks is .01% Bromethalin, which will effectively eliminate voles and other rodents that consume a sufficient amount. Once that has occurred, the block will activate its stop-feeding function, preventing voles from consuming surplus poison.
Another key ingredient is Bitrex, which lends a terribly bitter flavor to the substance. If young children happen to consume any, they will typically spit it out before there is time for the poison to take effect. Of course, your number-one solution for child poison prevention is to keep them well away from dangerous substances at all times.
A really nice feature of this product is that it comes with a one-year limited warranty so that quality isn’t even a concern for the buyer. This warranty protects against defects in material and workmanship. JT Eaton is family-owned and operated since 1932. Their mission is to manufacture and distribute products of the highest quality, designed to eradicate pests as well as providing the consumer with the knowledge and tools they need to create a safer and healthier world.
- Neurological bait that works on voles, mice, and rats
- Contains 128 blocks with an average time of death of 1-2 days
- Rodents stop feeding after consuming a lethal dose
- Active ingredients include bromethalin and bitrex
- Has a one-year limited warranty
7. Toro Products Ultrasonic Pest Repeller
Where to get it: you can find this vole repeller here.
My review: If you’re in the search for a product that is environmentally conscious as well as effective, Toro Products has a great option: The solar-powered Ultrasonic Pest Repeller. This product fits lawn owners with busy lifestyles, as it is extremely easy to install. Best of all, it’s maintenance-free! You don’t need to worry about the safety of your pets or your children while playing in the backyard either; you can help keep Earth green, and your yard free of voles.
These high-quality vole repellers have charging rates of just 3 to 4 hours for 5 to 7 days of use, so you will get up to more than 7000 sq ft of coverage (650+ meters). Toro Products utilizes the newest and most effective design on the market–the rod on the repeller reaches a total of 15.3 inches in height, making it the longest vole repeller available, entering the ground at a deep level. This so that the ultrasonic pulses can enter the soil to create vibrations and sonic waves, chasing away not only voles but other pests such as snakes, gophers, moles, and scorpions, to mention a few–all without the need for harmful poisons and chemicals around your land.
The high quality of the materials and the technology used in these repellers ensure a product that is both dependable and possesses a long lifespan. Since Toro Products’ repellers do not need to be plugged into any kind of power source, you ultimately save time, money, and the inconvenience of changing batteries. All this while deriving power naturally.
- Watertight repeller uses polycrystalline technology and higher quality solar panels for best results
- Superior functionality. Longest repeller available on the market, allowing for deeper ground reach
- Virtually maintenance-free and dependable
Safely Disposing of Dead Voles
If you’re using a trap that kills the pests on the spot, it is crucial that you are well versed in how to dispose of the carcass. Voles, just like mice and rats, can be the carriers of various diseases, so if you’re not sure of how to throw away the animal’s remains, there are a few simple steps you can follow:
- Depending on the type of trap you’re using, you should release the corpse from it without directly contacting it. Wear gloves for the best protection
- Use a shovel to carry the animal and put it into a plastic bag. Tie a knot on the bag and place the animal into a second bag
- Dispose of the bag in an outdoor trash container
- Wash hands thoroughly
Relocating Live Trapped Voles
If your vole-removal tactics utilize live trapping systems, it will naturally fall to you to properly relocate them into a safe environment where they’ll be far away from your garden and plants. If this is your first time dealing with a vole infestation and you are not sure of how to release them, we have a simple guide just below. All it takes is a little extra consideration to help voles survive in their new environment.
- Determine whether the vole is female and if it’s nursing. If it is, it’s more likely that it will return for its babies. If possible, try to relocate the family as a whole. You can tell whether a female vole is nursing by its protuberant nipples, which you won’t be able to see otherwise
- Relocate the vole as soon as possible. If you can’t do so immediately, avoid handling it.
- If the temperatures are extremely cold, wait for better conditions.
- In order to minimize the chances that the vole will not return, release it about two-to-three miles from your property
- Try to find a location apart from human habitation where the voles can find some shelter like rocks, a pile of wood, or a series of branches.
- If you can’t find good shelter for them, make sure that you at least set them free in an area with some low ground cover. This will help them avoid predators and build a proper nest.
- Once you release the voles, you can leave some food for them like seeds, peanuts, or even dry cat or dog food, as well as some nesting materials like a few torn up paper towels. This is important for cold-weather releases.
Vole Invasions: Preventing an Infestation
Instead of waiting until you have a real vole infestation, you are probably better off taking preventative measures. As they say, the best offense is a good defense–at least, this is what you will be shouting as you prep your garden’s defenses, just in case any nearby voles are listening and also understand a bit of English.
Make sure you cover all of our “do’s and don’ts” for keeping these little fellas at bay. Adequately prepping your yard can make the difference between the garden equivalent of Mad Max, and prize-winning veggies that will make Mom & Pop proud. These aren’t all intensive or unusual tasks either; forestalling a vole invasion can be as easy as cutting your lawn regularly. Check out our suggested practices below. That is, before you wind up having to actually get rid of a vole infestation
- The length of your lawn is crucial. As fall ends, cut it short before the snow arrives. You don’t want to provide voles with a comfy tall-grass environment. Keeping the lawn freshly cut eliminates potential hiding places as well as food sources.
- Watch the ground covers. Avoid planting dense ones like creeping junipers. This goes hand in hand with keeping your lawn mowed and weeded.
- Beware of compost. Unless you do your composting during winter, make sure the compost bin is sealed tightly by the end of autumn. To voles, compost bins are pretty much an all-inclusive luxury resort. With tiny casinos.
- Guard your young trees. During winter, voles like to chew on young trees. This causes significant damage and sometimes even root girdling. You can protect the trees with plastic or wire tree guards, but always be mindful not to damage roots when setting these up. Once the trees mature they will no longer be quite so attractive to voles.
- Wait on the mulching. A deep layer of much can be very encouraging to voles. Should you need to protect tender plants by mulching them, wait until immediately after the ground has frozen. This way, voles can’t get their little claws into the turf. Do it too early and you’ll be providing a comfortable place for voles to hunker down during the chilliest season.
- Keep snow cleared away from shrubs and young trees. Voles will use snow as cover in order to attack your landscaping with sneaky efficiency. If you have a cat or dog handy, allow them to play around in the yard. Voles may feel threatened by these large beasts and forget about your yard altogether, moving onto safer pastures.
How Do I Know if I Have a Vole Infestation?
You might have a little trouble identifying voles from other small animals like moles, mice, rats, gophers, and even shrews. They all act like a bunch of dirty rats, truth be told–getting into your food, plants, or other resources, and wreaking havoc. For identification purposes, here is a quick list of signs to help you sniff out a vole infestation. Not that we recommend sniffing voles, but you know what we mean.
- Voles are especially active during the springtime. They’ll dig shallow snake-like tunnels that you’ll see all over your lawn, not totally unlike mole tunnels. Vole tunnels are smaller, averaging about two inches wide. The tunnels are usually dug very near the surface in order to gain access to food sources like grass.
- Mole tunnels are more like networks with secondary runways appearing on the surface of the lawn. A clear distinction between signs of moles and voles (for crying out loud, who named these things?) is a mole tunnel’s raised ridges. Many mole tunnels feature volcano-shaped mounds at intersections or points of termination.
- Voles leave no mounds behind, making them more difficult to detect. No one can miss a volcano.
- Another way to investigate a potential vole presence is to take a close look at the damages incurred to the plantlife. Voles are voracious plant eaters, more so than most of their rodent relations. If you find your potatoes partially eaten, carrots gnawed, or other root vegetables otherwise snacked upon, you can pop voles to the top of your suspect list.
- Voles eat flower bulbs from below the ground primarily because these are near the surface. If you spot chewed-up bark near the base of any shrubs or trees, pay attention to the dimensions. A vole’s front teeth leave quarter-inch twin grooves in the wood, which would be cute if it were not so ominous.
- Voles can tunnel through any root system, causing damage to the plants. If you see young trees or shrubs that lean more than they probably should, you could be looking at a vole infestation.
Vole Repelling Plants
Our above prevention guide is step one to avoiding vole infestations. If you want to make sure you’re doing everything in your power keep those chubby little jerks off your property, you’ll want to familiarize yourself with plants that naturally repel voles. These beauties are all great options for filling yards or gardens with attractive plants. Plants that will not cry out to voles like a second helping of dark meat cries out to us on Thanksgiving. Here are six natural plants with vole-repelling power.
Lenten rose (Helleborus orientalis)
The lenten rose is a hardy flower that blooms toward the beginning of spring. Importantly, voles do not eat it! The lenten rose has leaves of glossy evergreen and generally tough components that are rather discouraging to voles. Fortunately, it’s also one of the easiest plants on our list to grow. It looks nice and it’s an iron-tough customer among floral options. And you thought flowers were dainty.
Trout lily (Erythronium americanum)
Maybe lesser known plants spark your childlike curiosity. Maybe you’re a garden hipster and you don’t want to fill your garden with things that everyone seems to be growing. Personally, we liked roses before they were mainstream. If you’re like us, you might consider the trout lily. This is a North-American native plant with vole-resistant properties. Under the right conditions, it can really blossom and show off its graceful yellow flower every year.
Castor bean plant (Ricinus communis)
Remember Breaking Bad? This is the mean green plant from which certain criminal chemists derive the extremely poisonous ricin substance. It can become problematic if you have children playing in the yard, so this isn’t one for families or yard owners with pets. But a vole takes one bite of these bad boys and you can guess what happens. They probably won’t though, as the plant itself will usually discourage them from remaining in the area.
Answering your first question, no, voles will not get a weird 15-minute salvia high from this plant. Salvia stinks, so voles won’t eat it==pretty straightforward. The types of salvia range from perennial to annual. Many people have heard about the red annual kind, but if you opt for the perennials, you have various types to choose from: Victoria Blue (S. farinacea Victoria Blue), May Night (S. nemorosa May Night), Caradonna (S. nemorosa Caradonna), or Blue Hill (S. nemorosa Blue Hill).
Jack-in-the-Pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum)
This is another plant that voles avoid, often found growing on the forest floor of its native habitat in North America. Jack-in-the-Pulpit is a great foliage plant for spring and summer, also bearing bright-colored berries in fall. As a late-night snack, it is not as gratifying as Jack-in-the-Box, especially that Ultimate Cheeseburger with extra ketchup.
If you have a woodland garden there are few flowers better suited to them than daffodils. As they are poisonous plants, voles are repelled by them. And they’re super easy to grow! They bloom in spring, which means that they can get the full sun they need by growing under a deciduous tree.
That wraps up our guide to taming your lawn od garden’s unwanted vole population! New products are constantly being researched finding their way to the market, so we make efforts to update our lists with all the latest practices and products available. If you notice we have missed anything, please don’t hesitate to mention it in the comments.
We also love talking about DIY home remedies, so if you’re a creative chemist or a purpose-built gardener, let us know what concoctions have worked for you! Good luck out there, pest removers.
Hello, My name is Blane and I’m a life-long resident of Southeastern Louisiana. I’ve been working as Pest Control Technician and Inspector at Advantage Services in Louisiana for over 1.5 years now.
I’ve worked in many other industries as well, including consulting, managing, as well as at the ground level in fields including Food Service, Corporate Automotive sales and finance.
Over half of my life has been dedicated to providing service to people with a premium placed on excellence. Whether it be providing counsel, content, or hands-on support; my goal remains to add value to the lives of the people I serve. If you have any questions regarding pest control, leave them below. I would be happy to help you out any way I can.